ABOUT MORINGA CROP
Moringa leaves are the vegetative parts of Moringa oleifera which is the most widely cultivated specie of monogeneric family, the Moringaceae.
Moringa oleifera is the best known of the thirteen species in the genus Moringa of family Moringaceae.
These are Moringa oleifera, M. arborea, M. borziana, M. concanensis, M. drouhardii, M. hildebrandtii, M. longituba, M. ovalifolia, M. peregrine, M. pygmaea, M. rivae, M. ruspoliana and M. stenopetala
DISTRIBUTION OF MORINGA
It is indigenous to south Asia, where it is grown in the Himalayan foothills from northeastern Pakistan to Northern West Bengal, India.
The importance of Moringa leaves has made its cultivation to reach far and wide and virtually of the nooks and crannies of the world.
It has been introduced and become naturalized in other parts of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, West Asia, the Arabian peninsula, East and West Africa.
It is also cultivated in Southern Florida, throughout the West Indies, and from Mexico to Peru, Paraguay and Brazil. In Puerto Rico, it is grown chiefly as an ornamental and in fencerows and hedges.
USES OF MORINGA LEAVES
The uses of moringa leaves are numerous and range from nutritional to medicinal. Let us outline the different uses below;
- a major vegetable used in cooking (culinary uses)
- domestic cleaning agent (crushed leaves)
- animal forage (leaves and treated seed-cake)
- biogas (from leaves),
- foliar nutrient (juice expressed from the leaves),
- green manure (from leaves),
- medicine mostly as it is used in the following ways;
- circulatory stimulant
- cholesterol lowering
- antifungal activities
- Used generally for the treatment of different ailments in the indigenous system of medicine
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